On Tuesday evening, a 26-year old student was arrested for his alleged participation to the “conspiracy of the cells of fire”, marking the 16th arrest for this case. The student had appeared at his local police station in Zografou, Athens, to fulfill his bail conditions, having being arrested at the demonstrations during the European Social Forum in Athens (in 2006 – and still awaiting trial…) Apparently, the fingerprints of the 26-year old were in mobile objects in the house raided in Chalandri, Athens in September 2009. His fingerprints were verified, the police want us to believe, a whole four months later and his arrest warrant was issued on December 31. He will appear before the public interrogator tomorrow (Thursday).
Thursday, December 31, 2009
Wednesday, December 30, 2009
A communique from Greece for an arson, translated from an athens indymedia post on 27/12:
In the late hours of christmas we put up in flames 3 vehicles belonging to the municipality of Stavroupoli in Thessaloniki. Whatever carries a state identity, escpecially like a big municipality of a big city, will always be a very good target. We chose this certain day in an attemp to reverse its mood and its moral guise, to sabotage the ridiculous festive atmosphere with the decorated trees, the mangers in the squares and with the shinny family dinners which hide a lot of hypocrisy and unhappiness. All these christmas stupidities universally, based on spectacle and promoting the culture of mass consumption, with the anniversal humanitarianism and the "social solidarity" cannot be anything else than the confirmation of the society's decay.
FIRE TO THE PRISONS - SMASH THE STATE!
Internationalistic rebellious front
Tuesday, December 29, 2009
Join the Anti-Fascist March on Sunday December 27
The neo-Nazi group ELAM (Ethniko Laiko Metopo) plans to hold a march on December 27 with the explicit intent to rouse racial hatred. Its slogan “One foreign worker = One unemployed” is directly derived from Hitler’s slogan “4 million Jews = 4 million unemployed”, which paved the way to the Nazi Holocaust.
The objectives of ELAM are not hard to gauge. ELAM is linked to other neo-fascist groups, such as Chrysi Avgi in Greece, Forza Nuova in Italy and the NPD in Germany. Furthermore, through its web site it exalts the totalitarian “traditions” of EOKA B’ and the Greek dictator Ioannis Metaxas. Definitive testimony of ELAM’s reactionary character are the military style marches it has dared to organize on the main streets of Nicosia for its thugs to assault defenceless migrants.
The Greek Cypriot neo-fascists are today bent on creating anew an atmosphere of instability reminiscent of those dark days of the past, whose tragic impact remains vivid in collective memory.
We call upon all democrats – citizens, groups, youth organizations, political parties and trade unions – to sound the alarm and actively engage in halting the rising menace of fascism. There are all too many experiences, both local and international, of how dangerous fascists can become if initially underestimated. This time round they must find us early on in their path.
Join the anti-fascist march on Sunday December 27th. Assembly point: Eleftheria Sq., 3.30 pm.
Conspiracy of Cells of Fire claim National Bank bombing
On Monday night, the group conspiracy of cells of fire posted a communique on Athens Indymedia (greek original here) claiming Sunday night’s attack on the national bank and insurance agency on Sygrou Avenue in Athens. The explosion was very strong, marking an upgrading in the group’s capacities – as they themselves note in the communique. They send “comradely greetings” to anarchist bank robber and prisoner Yiannis Dimitrakis, to Chilean anarchists Freddy Fuentevilla and Marcelo Villaruel, to Gabriel Pompo da Silva (who went on hunger strike on December 20 in the prison of Aachen, Germany) as well as Ilias Nikolaou, Polykarops Georgiadis (another two anarchist prisoners in Greece) and finally, Charis Chatzimichelakis and Panayiotis Masouras, as well as the third person in pre-trial detention in connection to the conspiracy of cells of fire case, who they name by initials only.
This is a message to Scottish Coal that regardless of the time of year, we will resist. Not just at Mainshill, but at all of their sites across South Lanarkshire, which is one of the most heavily mined areas in Europe.
As the "festive" season comes to an end, the destructive work will commence again at Mainshill. Eviction is looming as their work progresses. Numbers are needed as ever on site to help out and fill defences.
Olympic Torch Ambushed in Guelph, Ontario – Torch Taken Down! - One Arrest
|On December 28, 2009, at 7:30 am, about 40-50 Anti-Olympics protesters took to the streets in Guelph to unwelcome the 2010 Olympics Torch Relay. When the torch was approaching, the protesters took to the street to precede the Torch through downtown. Stacks of pamphlets were handed out or thrown around the patriotic Olympics fans, which described the reasons why we oppose the 2010 Olympics. |
AND THEN! The protest and the torch had a head-on collision! The torch relay rounded a corner only to be met with chants and banners “NO OLYMPICS ON STOLEN NATIVE LAND”! A scuffle then occurred between the torch security/entourage and the protesters. The torch bearer and one of their escorts fell to the ground, dropping the torch. Police rushed to the scene but it was too late. The torch was ambushed.
One person was arrested and is being charged with assault.
No Olympics on Stolen Native Land!
Honour Harriet Nahanee!
Stop the Police and State Repression!
For more information on the 2010 Vancouver Olympics and Resistance, visit:
Monday, December 28, 2009
Urban guerrilla group suspected in Athens blast
Mon Dec 28, 2009 10:08pm IST
ATHENS Greek police suspect an elusive urban guerrilla group is behind a bomb attack that wrecked the ground floor of Greece's biggest insurance company, authorities said on Monday.
About 3 kg of dynamite exploded outside the offices of National Insurance at about 11 p.m. (2100 GMT) on Sunday, destroying the ground floor of the multi-storey building. It also smashed windows of cars parked nearby. No one was hurt.
A police official told Reuters the attack bore the hallmarks of Revolutionary Struggle urban guerrillas.
"Revolutionary Struggle have used a similar technique in the past and that makes them the most likely perpetrators," said the official, who declined to be identified.
The blast was heard throughout central Athens. Plastic debris and office equipment were strewn several metres across to nearby Syngrou Avenue, one of Athens's busiest roads.
Police had sealed off the area after receiving a telephone warning 15 minutes before the explosion.
No group had yet claimed responsibility for the attack, the latest in a series of violent incidents by left-wing and anarchist groups since the shooting of a teenager by police sparked Greece's worst riot in decades in December 2008.
In September, Revolutionary Struggle placed a bomb outside the Athens Stock Exchange, causing extensive damage but no casualties.
National Insurance is a subsidiary of National Bank, the country's biggest lender.
Sunday, December 27, 2009
Evictions means riots: Update on recent events in Turin. Thursday 10 december 2009 – today's events:
19.00 A new Ca'neira is born and evicted again before 20:00 with excessive force, following resistance on the roof by some of the squatters and others chaining themselves to the windows; four people are taken to the police station in Via Grattoni and released around 23:00.
20.00 The cops, seeing that the cherry pickers still hadn't got through, decide to clear Corso Vercelli and charge again, this time with more conviction and tear gas, the protestors resist a little and then disperse, with one arrest, and there is some rioting in the surrounding streets.
20.45 After having cleared all watchful eyes from the area, the forces of order go on to take revenge on the protesters cars (searching them and ripping off windshield wipers) and sound-systems and mini-kitchens set up for the event are taken to the dump at Via dall'Amiat. Then the eviction begins.
21.15 the infamous cops reach the roof of L'ostile and take down 3 of the 6 who are resisting there; shortly after they pull the remaining three down by force. The radio is talking about burning wheelie-bins in the surrounding streets.
21.17 The cops charge in Piaza Crispi again, with greater presence, shooting tear gas at head hight; after the charge, morale is still high and people are still massing in Piaza Crispi. They block the junction; the charges and counter charges continue, and the cops are now supported by armoured vehicles that are not moving, for now. Two people are wounded (a broken finger for one, a boot in the face for another) and two arrested. Taking advantage of the police charge, a van speeds away to take the folks from L'ostile to the police station in Via Tirreno. At 22.00 the rally breaks up and we learn that the arrested people will will be escorted to the Maria Vittoria hospital immediately, following injuried sustained in the post-charge beating, because, of course, the cops always need to let of steam. Just ask Stefano Cucchi, the most recent death in Italian police custody.
Solidarity with those arrested and with all the squats.
Fermenti Liberi Attivi
“Black hole” was a living squat, five rooms in a big 4 store building. It was squatted in April and evicted in end of November. 6-7 anarchists were living in the squat together with Kostya, a migrant worker from Belarus who originally lived there on his own but then together with anarchists.
There were constant problems with electricity, which was taken from neighbours but constantly cut off. Eventually most of the people had to leave squat in November because of this. Eventually police came with city workers in end of November, they broked door to the street and blocked it with bricks. There was only one person in the squat, who had to escape in order not to get arrested. Cops and workers stole some of the property.
There is a longer statement signed by “St. Petersburg Autonome” , with some photos here:
There are still a number of squatted social centers and living squats remaining in St. Petersburg.
Some video footage from squat: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dI9AYROm6Ko
Thursday, December 24, 2009
Letter of those arrested this year in December from the barracks of central police station thesaloniki
At the moment of writing we are at the detention centre of Thessaloniki Police Headquarters where we have been kept in
custody for the tenth consecutive day, the three of a total of seven remanded (three have been transferred to juvenile prisons in
aulona and one to prison Diavata). We were arrested during the sad one-year anniversary of the murder of fifteen-year Alexis
Grigoropoulos. We would like to say a short time after they arrested and EMPRISONED us.
The police conducted "preventative" arrests because of our presence in theory in "dangerous" places (e.g. universities)
because of our participation in a planned demonstration or because of our outward appearance!
The behaviour of our police officers has been grossly insulting and even some of them used the camera of their mobile
phones to record and then make public the audio-visual material on the internet to humiliate us. Also, psychological violence was
added with threats to our physical integrity.
When we were taken to Thessaloniki Police Headquarters, indictment and psychological pressure was applied. We were
refused the right to contact our lawyers and they refused to allow us to provide first aid to one of those arrested who had suffered
In all cases constructed charges claiming "evidence of unknown persons", we were picked up and taken away by the
police, to punish us and to convince the public that the police “are doing their job”. The above method is common practice for the
construction of indictment, as is shown in a published amateur video clearly showing a cop to be putting a Molotov cocktail
backpack and a former co-defendant was acquitted by the consent of the investigator and prosecutor thanks to this visual
material. The immediate identification of fingerprints to prove and to demolish the framed indictment holding Molotov cocktail
and become once more the dear regular police.
One of those arrested was attacked and brutally beaten by two platoons of MAT riot police (!) because of his presence at
the university and his outside appearance, thus needed immediate medical care that he was not given. At the time of the forensic
examination demonstrating the beating, was added new charges of expenses to be charged and others to be punished.
The conditions of detention in the barracks of the Police Hall of Thessaloniki blatantly violate basic human rights. Keep
from December 6 until December 19 now in detention centres without authorization ….
Please note that there are prisoners in custody in detention centres who have already spent their fifth month of detention,
conditions in detention without absolute right to have the absolute minimum (… information from media, direct medical care,
personal hygiene items ). In cells with no toilets, so coverage of our natural needs in communal toilets depending on the goodwill
of the police, but when not forced to go using bottles and bags.
The sanitary conditions in communal toilets are poor because of the large number of detainees, inadequate cleanliness and
lack of infrastructure and maintenance (one toilet accounted for twenty people, cisterns and taps off, etc.). Ventilation and
heating of premises are non-existent, humidity and lack of light worsen nightmarish all this leading to danger every day our
health (communicable diseases, hepatitis, infections, common flu, viral diseases, I1N1). It has made no preventive measures (e.g.
vaccination or medical examination) to confront I1N1 given the coexistence of large numbers of prisoners in cramped conditions.
According to testimonies of prisoners that held a hunger strike to improve living conditions in detention centres (and add a
fruit salad to the daily diet, right to walk 15 minutes in the hallway, personal hygiene, etc.). These tragic circumstances not only
threaten our health and contribute to the development of aggressive behaviour and depression among prisoners.
There are long-term prisoners with health problems and drug addicts who can not with these conditions in the detention
centres to provide adequate medical care and psychological support. We were eyewitnesses to drug addicts imprisoned and
transferred urgently to hospital for first aid only when the situation came to be critical to life. Witnesses also reported a
disproportionate number of suicide attempts among detainees.
Finally, we want to raise that in our first statement before the magistrate and the prosecutor that of our defence witnesses
has not been submitted. Despite the release of amateur video from the media which acquitted… our co-defendants, indicating the
arrangements for construction of Police guilty, but not the perception of our judicial authorities.
As part of today's democracy is it necessary to shoot the end we all move to show that we are not elephants?
… today who enjoy democracy … intimidation and terror in the exercise of the … constitutionally guaranteed right to participate
in a demonstration?
As part of today's democracy it is a solution to arrest and create "scapegoats" in response to acute social problems;
Requires improvement HOLDING CONDITIONS OF PRISONERS
COMPLAINANT ANY FORM OF VIOLENCE wherever they come from
We condemn the orderly CONSTRUCTION EFFORT GUILTY
We condemn the morality EFFORT, PSYCHOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC U.S. EXONTOSIS
It requires the immediate release of U.S.
Manifesto of the January 19 Committee
On January 19, 2010, a year to the day from the murders of Stanislav Markelov and Anastasia Baburova, we, the organizers of an antifascist march, call on you to join our campaign against neo-Nazi terrorism.
The word fascism has been utterly devalued today. It is hard to find a political movement that avoids branding its opponents as �fascists.� But there are also meaningful interpretations of this term. Many of them have a direct bearing on what is taking place in contemporary Russia.
For some people, fascism is the extreme intolerance intrinsic to authoritarian societies. For others, it is an ideology of exploitation and coercion. For still others, it means the use by the authorities of covert paramilitary units for the suppression of democratic movements. Finally, for some, fascism is a force that murders good people, people like the lawyer Stanislav Markelov and the journalist Nastya Baburova, the young antifascists Fyodor Filatov and Ivan Khutorskoi, the ethnologist Nikolai Girenko, the chess player Sergei Nikolaev from Yakutia, the programmer Bair Sambuev from Buryatia, and hundreds of others. People who define fascism in this way do not divide their enemies into Russians and non-Russians, grown-ups and children, priests and punk rock fans, young activists and defenseless janitors from Central Asia.
It is not a matter of definitions, however. All the murderers come from one and the same environment.
They can be defeated only through a combined effort, only by overcoming the barriers that separate political activists from each other and from people who do not trust politicians and are not involved in the political process. For this purpose we are organizing an antifascist initiative that will unite people of various political persuasions with all those who consider themselves apolitical but who are convinced that the rise of fascism in Russia demands a clear response from society.
The neo-Nazis have changed. They now not only attack marketplaces, they also blow them up � along with railroad tracks, concert halls, churches, cafes, and the entryways of the buildings where their political opponents live. The fascists now not only beat up people on the streets, they also murder them. Neo-Nazi terrorism has become a reality.
If this goes on much longer, Russia will turn into a country wracked by ethnic cleansing and inter-ethnic war. We appeal to everyone who would rather not wait to see this happen. Act now: take a public stance using whatever means you have at your disposal.
We also call on well-known and respected people � scholars, artists, writers, and intellectuals � to support our cause with their good names. We believe that the struggle against the neo-Nazi scourge in Russia must be raised to a new level. It has to become a mass campaign of solidarity that reaches beyond youth subcultures and activist groups. The understandable aversion people feel to politics should not prevent them from recognizing the threat posed by neo-Nazism.
We believe that we have three main tasks today. First, we need to deprive neo-Nazis and racists of the explicit and implicit support they receive from bureaucrats and establishment politicians. Second, we have to drive members of ultra-rightist organizations out of mainstream politics. Third, we must put an end to the practice of using radical right-wing gangs to intimidate and murder social and political activists.
We call on people in various cities and countries to take to the streets on January 19, 2010, and show their solidarity with our cause.''
Goldsmiths Autonomy and Solidarity offer solidarity to Amadeu Casellas Ramón, Spanish anarchist political prisoner held for 26 years by the State, with a banner drop from faculty buildings at Goldsmiths, New Cross, South East London.
Wednesday, December 23, 2009
The action was by fighters of the ELF and ALF, "was chosen a crowded shopping street in the heart of Nottingham, a city acted Robin Hood always hidden face", stressing the responsibility [...] in Copenhagen and around the world people struggling with their bodies, their voices and now the bricks. The responsibility given by the "liberators of the Earth and Friends of the Animals"
Tuesday, December 22, 2009
Sunday, December 20 2009 @ 01:46 PM CST
Today, Thursday 17 of December, Tamara, an anarchist comrade from Madrid, has been
imprisoned in the woman's prison of Wad-Ras (Barcelona). She is accused of having sent an
explosive package to Albert Batlle, secretary of penitentiary services of the Catalan
The action was in October, during the struggle against the penitentiary system in
solidarity with the prisoner Amadeu Casellas, in that moment on hunger strike.
Again the state utilizes detentions and imprisonment to terrorize those who confront the
repressive measures of a system that needs prisons to control the poverty and the
rebellion that it produces. Again we call for solidarity and the extension of the
struggle, for the freedom of Tamara and for all of us.
DEMONSTRATION THIS SUNDAY DECEMBER 20th AT 6 PM
IN PLAZA CAN FELIPA, NEAR METRO STATION POBLENOU (BARCELONA)
The Civil Guard has detained the militant anarchist Tamara Hernández Heras as the
presumed author of the mailing of a letter bomb to the chair of the Penitentiary Services
of the Regional Government of Catalonia on the 7th of October, sources of investigation
have informed EFE.
The detention of Tamara Hernández Heras was ordered by the court of instruction #25 of
Barcelona for a presumed crime of attempted homicide. The agents have also searched a
house in the locality of Getafe. The investigation was initiated by the Mossos d'Equadra
(Catalan national police), who disactivated the bomb, an artifact of low potency, and
examined the handwriting in the letter. The detainee may have a judicial hearing next
Note from the editor:
The supposed letter bomb arrived at the office of Penitentiary Services in October, as a small group of supporters, including the mother of Amadeu Casellas, was attempting to meet with director Albert Batlle to demand the release of Amadeu, who has been locked up for over twenty years, has already completed his sentence, and has gone on several lengthy hunger strikes to demand his release. While on the one hand the police attempted to create a situation of alarm and are charging Tamara with attempted murder, on the other hand they did not evacuate anyone from the building, not even Mr. Batlle, neither when they discovered nor when they detonated the explosive; in fact other penitentiary officials arrived at the building to meet with Mr. Batlle behind closed doors, while denying a meeting to Amadeu's mother.
Communique in respect to the December 15th detention in Madrid
by Anarchist Black Cross
Tamara is accused of sending a small explosive artifact to the Penitentiary Institutions.
Justice and mass media newly united against the movement of prisoner support.
Once again the media have made us aware today of the detention in Getafe of an
anarchist comrade. And once more the media shamelessly lie with a clear criminalising
intention that we want to denounce here.
Coming from where it comes, we don't lend any credence to that which is affirmed,
that the comrade T.H.H was the author of a letter bomb mailed to the department of
prisons of the Catalon regional government in October. We don't believe it, but we
don't interpret it wrongly either. She, the same as all comrades repressed by the state,
has our unconditional support as much if she is the person responsible for the deeds of
which they accuse her as if she isn't. We simply don't enter into these types of
We are left then with a very serious doubt that her authoring of the deeds of which she
is accused is certain, a deep doubt that acquires substance at the time of this writing, when from sources in her defense we have learned that [...] the police are expected to make a declaration tomorrow morning. Little time has passed since the detention, and they have not applied any special legislation, all of which leads us to suspect that, although it must be said that the situation is still confusing, there is no solid base for the accusation.
Notwithstanding, the the media still speak of the comrade as "a leader of the CNA [ABC]." Qualifying her as a leader they demonstrate that they are incabable of understanding that people could exist in this world who do not fight through a hierarchical relation. To say that she is integrated into the structure of the CNA is completely false. The also reveals the card the media are playing.
Let's clear up the meaning of this lie. When the bodies of police try to make an accusation concrete, just like the prosecutor, they try to carry everything to the extreme degree. When the affair has a political nature, the desired extreme is none other than the accuastion of "belonging to an armed gang". This penal figure, to formalise itself, can precisely link the person with an organisation that, in accord with the shared international norms has a series of formalities such as
permanence in time, known revindications, etc. In the past, acronyms of nonexistent organizations have appeared to fill this role, or, as in this case, the person is linked to an existing organization, which suits their purposes even if that organization does not meet all the original criteria. Thus a technical problem is solved to magnify the accusation, and this time as all other times, the media rise to the occasion as lackeys in the service of repression.
All our solidarity for the detained comrade and our desire that tomorrow we can have her
with us again. All our contempt towards those who screen old wives tales, with the clear intention of destroying the life of one person and furthermore, this is the ultimate end of repression, trying to dissolve all the interlocked social relations that prove themselves to be antagonistic in words and in deeds.
Salute and Anarchy.
Action in Solidarity with Tamara
Early in the morning between Thursday and Friday we set fire to two bancs in Guinardó (Barcelona) as two small acts of solidarity.
In the first place, we want to claim this action in support of Tamara, the young madrileña detained this week accused of sending a letter bomb to the director of the Penitentiary Institutions, as the politician responsible for the current situation of the prisoner Amadeu Casellas.
Beyond whether she was or wasn't the author of this deed, we know that this arrest is framed within the attempt to stop all shows of solidarity with Amadeu. A fact that is corroborated by the different reports the Mossos have presented to raise the alarm about the dangerous relations that are being woven in relation to the hungerstrike of this anarchist prisoner. It is in this direction that we understand her arrest and in this direction that we understand our solidarity.
In the second place we want to show our deepest support to the companions detained by the Chilean state. Just as our enemies do not understand borders, as personified by the Italian collaboration with the Chilean police, neither do we, as internationalist proletarians. You are not alone!
Where there is struggle there is repression!
Where there is repression there is solidarity!
More than a thousand march in Keratsini in solidarity to the 21 comrades arrested during the police raid on Resalto, the anarchist social centre of th
More than a thousand march in Keratsini in solidarity to the 21 comrades arrested during the police raid on Resalto, the anarchist social centre of the proletarian suburb of Peiraeus.
More than a thousand protesters marched on Saturday afternoon in the industrial proletarian suburb of Peiraeus, Keratsini, against state terror and the police invasion of Resalto, the local anarchist social centre two weeks ago which resulted in the arrest of 21 people who are being accused of preparing explosives for…some empty beer bottles and a few litters of heating kerosene found in the remises. Initially the state accused the arrested for terrorism but the state interrogator subsequently dropped the charges. The invasion of the 4th of december had resulted to a sponteneous local attack against the police forces guarding the centre a few hours later and to the occupation of the Keratsini city hall which was too invaded by the police with 42 people arrested despite the opposition of the mayor, the local council and the lawyer association of the town who have subsequently published official decisions condemning the repression.
The march gathered at People’s square and after reading texts through the microphone stressing that “the arrested are the physical and political discendents of the guerrillas executed by the Nazis at the blockade of Kokkinia”, the protesters marched around the working class suburb enjoying overwhelming popular support: people chanting anti-police slogans from balkonies and clapping in approval from the sidewalk, despite strong police presence.
The march was part of a 3-day call against state terror by Resalto whose case has become a symbol of the socialist government’s ruthless strategy of counterinsurgency. A hefty monetary guarantee has been imposed on the 21 accused which is being covered by donations and free-donation gigs and parties throughout the country.
On Sunday locals of Exarcheia realised a demo at the square of the area protesting against the persecution of the Resalto comrade. To put the point across regarding the ridiculous claims of the persecuting authorities, the demonstrators made a public display of the exact number of empty beer bottles, hammers, and litres of heating kerosene considered “tools for constructing explosive” – surprisingly the antiterrorist bureau did not try to arrest them…
The march took place within a tense climate across Greece:
In Salonica, the social center of the west territories, opened after the December Uprising, came under attack by parastate thugs who invaded the premises beating people inside and smashing everything on their way. Earlier the same day a police patrol car had come under attack by radicals in the centre of the city, while the night before a security systems shop had been torched.
In Kavala, police detained a group of fly-posting radicals near the autonomous centre and the anarchist squat of the city. The unusual detention could be a sign of collective retribution for the large-scale attack last Thursday when the city centre’s banks were smashed and burned by radicals who have identified themselves in a communique as “anarchists of praxis”.
In Athens, on Friday afternoon the political office of a PASOK (Socialist Party) MP was attacked with an arson mehanism, a further attack after the Thursday night half hour barrage that destroyed half a dozen PASOK offices across the city. Also the PASOK offices of Agioi Anargiroi outside Athens were smashed on Saturday evening.
On a less angry side of things radical, the union of Wind workers has published a communique condemning the police invasion of university grounds during last week’s riots, and the efforts of rectorial authorities and the state to render the asylum a symbolic institution.
ATHENS, Greece — Greek police say a small bomb has exploded outside the office of a governing Socialist lawmaker in Athens, causing minor damage and no injuries.
Police say the device, which was made of camping gas canisters, had been placed at the entrance to Nasos Alevras' office in the center of the capital.
There has been no claim of responsibility for Friday's attack.
Greek anarchist groups frequently firebomb symbols of wealth and authority. The attacks have intensified after last year's fatal police shooting of a teenager in central Athens, which sparked several days of violent protests.
According to FBI records, 85% of COINTELPRO resources were expended on infiltrating, disrupting, marginalizing, and/or subverting groups suspected of being subversive, such as communist and socialist organizations; the women's rights movement; militant black nationalist groups, and the non-violent civil rights movement, including individuals such as Martin Luther King, Jr. and others associated with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, the Congress of Racial Equality, the American Indian Movement, and other civil rights groups; a broad range of organizations labeled "New Left", including Students for a Democratic Society, the National Lawyers Guild, the Weathermen, almost all groups protesting the Vietnam War, and even individual student demonstrators with no group affiliation; and nationalist groups such as those "seeking independence for Puerto Rico." The other 15% of COINTELPRO resources were expended to marginalize and subvert "white hate groups," including the Ku Klux Klan and National States' Rights Party.
The directives governing COINTELPRO were issued by FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, who ordered FBI agents to "expose, disrupt, misdirect, discredit, or otherwise neutralize" the activities of these movements and their leaders.Contents [hide]
2 Range of targets
4 Illegal surveillance
5 Reports that COINTELPRO tactics continue
6 See also
8 Further reading
8.3 U.S. government reports
9 External links
9.4 U.S. government reports
COINTELPRO began in 1956 and was designed to "increase factionalism, cause disruption and win defections" inside the Communist Party U.S.A. (CPUSA). However, the program was soon enlarged to include disruption of the Socialist Workers Party (1961), the Ku Klux Klan (1964), the Nation of Islam, the Black Panther Party (1967), and the entire New Left socio-political movement, which included antiwar, community, and religious groups (1968). A later investigation by the Senate's Church Committee (see below) stated that "COINTELPRO began in 1956, in part because of frustration with Supreme Court rulings limiting the Government's power to proceed overtly against dissident groups..." Congress and several court cases later concluded that the COINTELPRO operations against communist and socialist groups exceeded statutory limits on FBI activity and violated constitutional guarantees of freedom of speech and association.
The program was secret until 1971, when an FBI field office in Media, Pennsylvania was burglarized by a group of left-wing radicals calling themselves the Citizens' Commission to Investigate the FBI. Several dossiers of files were taken and the information passed to news agencies, many of which initially refused to publish the information. Within the year, Director Hoover declared that the centralized COINTELPRO was over, and that all future counterintelligence operations would be handled on a case-by-case basis.
Further documents were revealed in the course of separate lawsuits filed against the FBI by NBC correspondent Carl Stern, the Socialist Workers Party, and a number of other groups. A major investigation was launched in 1976 by the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities of the United States Senate, commonly referred to as the "Church Committee" for its chairman, Senator Frank Church of Idaho. However, millions of pages of documents remain unreleased, and many released documents have been partly, or entirely, redacted.
In the Final Report of the Select Committee, COINTELPRO was castigated in no uncertain terms:
Many of the techniques used would be intolerable in a democratic society even if all of the targets had been involved in violent activity, but COINTELPRO went far beyond that...the Bureau conducted a sophisticated vigilante operation aimed squarely at preventing the exercise of First Amendment rights of speech and association, on the theory that preventing the growth of dangerous groups and the propagation of dangerous ideas would protect the national security and deter violence.
The Church Committee documented a history of FBI directors' using the agency for purposes of political repression as far back as World War I, through the 1920s, when they were charged with rounding up "anarchists and revolutionaries" for deportation, and then building from 1936 through 1976.
Range of targets
In an interview with the BBC's Andrew Marr, MIT professor of linguistics and political activist Noam Chomsky spoke about the purpose and the targets of COINTELPRO saying, "COINTELPRO was a program of subversion carried out not by a couple of petty crooks but by the national political police, the FBI, under four administrations...by the time it got through, I won't run through the whole story, it was aimed at the entire new left, at the women's movement, at the whole black movement, it was extremely broad. Its actions went as far as political assassination." 
According to the Church Committee:
While the declared purposes of these programs were to protect the "national security" or prevent violence, Bureau witnesses admit that many of the targets were nonviolent and most had no connections with a foreign power. Indeed, nonviolent organizations and individuals were targeted because the Bureau believed they represented a "potential" for violence -- and nonviolent citizens who were against the war in Vietnam were targeted because they gave "aid and comfort" to violent demonstrators by lending respectability to their cause.
The imprecision of the targeting is demonstrated by the inability of the Bureau to define the subjects of the programs. The Black Nationalist program, according to its supervisor, included "a great number of organizations that you might not today characterize as black nationalist but which were in fact primarily black." Thus, the nonviolent Southern Christian Leadership Conference was labeled as a Black Nationalist-"Hate Group."
Furthermore, the actual targets were chosen from a far broader group than the titles of the programs would imply. The CPUSA program targeted not only Communist Party members but also sponsors of the National Committee to Abolish the House Un-American Activities Committee and civil rights leaders allegedly under Communist influence or deemed to be not sufficiently "anti-Communist". The Socialist Workers Party program included non-SWP sponsors of anti-war demonstrations which were cosponsored by the SWP or the Young Socialist Alliance, its youth group. The Black Nationalist program targeted a range of organizations from the Panthers to SNCC to the peaceful Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and included every Black Student Union and many other black student groups. New Left targets ranged from the SDS to the InterUniversity Committee for Debate on Foreign Policy, from Antioch College ("vanguard of the New Left") to the New Mexico Free University and other "alternate" schools, and from underground newspapers to students' protesting university censorship of a student publication by carrying signs with four-letter words on them.
Examples of surveillance, legal and illegal, contained in the Church Committee report:
President Roosevelt asked the FBI to put in its files the names of citizens sending telegrams to the White House opposing his "national defense" policy and supporting Col. Charles Lindbergh.
President Truman received inside information on a former Roosevelt aide's efforts to influence his appointments, labor union negotiating plans, and the publishing plans of journalists.
The Kennedy Administration had the FBI wiretap a Congressional staff member, three executive officials, a lobbyist, and a Washington law firm. US Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy received the fruits of an FBI "tap" on Martin Luther King, Jr. and a "bug" on a Congressman, both of which yielded information of a political nature.
President Johnson asked the FBI to conduct "name checks" of his critics and members of the staff of his 1964 opponent, Senator Barry Goldwater. He also requested purely political intelligence on his critics in the Senate, and received extensive intelligence reports on political activity at the 1964 Democratic Convention from FBI electronic surveillance.
The COINTELPRO documents disclose numerous cases of the FBI's intentions to stop the mass protest against the Vietnam War. Many techniques were used to accomplish the assignment. "These included promoting splits among antiwar forces, encouraging red-baiting of socialists, and pushing violent confrontations as an alternative to massive, peaceful demonstrations." One 1966 Cointelpro operation attempted to redirect the Socialist Workers Party from their pledge of support for the antiwar movement.
The FBI claims that it no longer undertakes COINTELPRO or COINTELPRO-like operations. However, critics claim that agency programs in the spirit of COINTELPRO targeted groups like the Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador, the American Indian Movement, Earth First!, the White Separatist Movement, and the Anti-Globalization Movement.
According to attorney Brian Glick in his book War at Home, the FBI used four main methods during COINTELPRO:
Infiltration: Agents and informers did not merely spy on political activists. Their main purpose was to discredit and disrupt. Their very presence served to undermine trust and scare off potential supporters. The FBI and police exploited this fear to smear genuine activists as agents.
Psychological Warfare From the Outside: The FBI and police used a myriad of other "dirty tricks" to undermine progressive movements. They planted false media stories and published bogus leaflets and other publications in the name of targeted groups. They forged correspondence, sent anonymous letters, and made anonymous telephone calls. They spread misinformation about meetings and events, set up pseudo movement groups run by government agents, and manipulated or strong-armed parents, employers, landlords, school officials and others to cause trouble for activists.
Harassment Through the Legal System: The FBI and police abused the legal system to harass dissidents and make them appear to be criminals. Officers of the law gave perjured testimony and presented fabricated evidence as a pretext for false arrests and wrongful imprisonment. They discriminatorily enforced tax laws and other government regulations and used conspicuous surveillance, "investigative" interviews, and grand jury subpoenas in an effort to intimidate activists and silence their supporters.
Extralegal Force and Violence: The FBI conspired with local police departments to threaten dissidents; to conduct illegal break-ins in order to search dissident homes; and to commit vandalism, assaults, beatings and assassinations. The object was to frighten, or eliminate, dissidents and disrupt their movements.
The FBI specifically developed tactics intended to heighten tension and hostility between various factions the black militancy movement, for example between the Black Panthers, the United Slaves and the Blackstone Rangers. This resulted in numerous deaths, among which were the United Slave assassinations of San Diego Black Panther Party members Jim Huggins, Bunchy Carter and Sylvester Bell.
The FBI also conspired with the police departments of many U.S. cities (San Diego, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Oakland, Philadelphia, Chicago) to encourage repeated raids on Black Panther homes—often with little or no evidence of violations of federal, state, or local laws—which resulted directly in the police killing of many members of the Black Panther Party, most famously the assassination of Chicago Black Panther Party Chairman Fred Hampton on December 4, 1969.
In order to eliminate black militant leaders whom they considered dangerous, the FBI conspired with local police departments to target specific individuals, accuse them of crimes they did not commit, suppress exculpatory evidence and falsely incarcerate them. One Black Panther Party leader, Elmer "Geronimo" Pratt, was incarcerated for 27 years before a California Superior Court vacated his murder conviction, ultimately freeing him. Appearing before the court, an FBI agent testified that he believed Pratt had been framed because both the FBI and the Los Angeles Police Department knew he had been out of the area at the time the murder occurred. 
The FBI conducted more than 200 "black bag jobs", which were warrantless surreptitious entries, against the targeted groups and their members.
In 1969 the FBI special agent in San Francisco wrote Hoover that his investigation of the Black Panther Party (BPP) revealed that in his city, at least, the Black nationalists were primarily feeding breakfast to children. Hoover fired back a memo implying the career ambitions of the agent were directly related to his supplying evidence to support Hoover's view that the BPP was "a violence-prone organization seeking to overthrow the Government by revolutionary means".
Hoover was willing to use false claims to attack his political enemies. In one memo he wrote: "Purpose of counterintelligence action is to disrupt the BPP and it is immaterial whether facts exist to substantiate the charge."
In one particularly controversial 1965 incident, civil rights worker Viola Liuzzo was murdered by Ku Klux Klansmen who gave chase and fired shots into her car after noticing that her passenger was a young black man; one of the Klansmen was acknowledged FBI informant Gary Thomas Rowe. Afterward COINTELPRO spread false rumors that Liuzzo was a member of the Communist Party and abandoned her children to have sexual relationships with African Americans involved in the civil rights movement. FBI informant Rowe has also been implicated in some of the most violent crimes of the 1960s civil rights era, including attacks on the Freedom Riders and the 1963 Birmingham, Alabama 16th Street Baptist Church bombing. In another instance in San Diego the FBI financed, armed, and controlled an extreme right-wing group of former Minutemen, transforming it into a group called the Secret Army Organization (USA)|Secret Army Organization which targeted groups, activists, and leaders involved in the Anti-War Movement for both intimidation and violent acts.
Hoover ordered preemptive action "to pinpoint potential troublemakers and neutralize them before they exercise their potential for violence."
The final report of the Church Committee concluded:
Too many people have been spied upon by too many Government agencies and too much information has been collected. The Government has often undertaken the secret surveillance of citizens on the basis of their political beliefs, even when those beliefs posed no threat of violence or illegal acts on behalf of a hostile foreign power. The Government, operating primarily through secret informants, but also using other intrusive techniques such as wiretaps, microphone "bugs", surreptitious mail opening, and break-ins, has swept in vast amounts of information about the personal lives, views, and associations of American citizens. Investigations of groups deemed potentially dangerous -- and even of groups suspected of associating with potentially dangerous organizations -- have continued for decades, despite the fact that those groups did not engage in unlawful activity. Groups and individuals have been harassed and disrupted because of their political views and their lifestyles. Investigations have been based upon vague standards whose breadth made excessive collection inevitable. Unsavory and vicious tactics have been employed -- including anonymous attempts to break up marriages, disrupt meetings, ostracize persons from their professions, and provoke target groups into rivalries that might result in deaths. Intelligence agencies have served the political and personal objectives of presidents and other high officials. While the agencies often committed excesses in response to pressure from high officials in the Executive branch and Congress, they also occasionally initiated improper activities and then concealed them from officials whom they had a duty to inform.
Governmental officials -- including those whose principal duty is to enforce the law --have violated or ignored the law over long periods of time and have advocated and defended their right to break the law.
The Constitutional system of checks and balances has not adequately controlled intelligence activities. Until recently the Executive branch has neither delineated the scope of permissible activities nor established procedures for supervising intelligence agencies. Congress has failed to exercise sufficient oversight, seldom questioning the use to which its appropriations were being put. Most domestic intelligence issues have not reached the courts, and in those cases when they have reached the courts, the judiciary has been reluctant to grapple with them.
Reports that COINTELPRO tactics continue
While COINTELPRO was officially terminated in April 1971, suspicions persist that the program's tactics continued informally. Critics have suggested that subsequent FBI actions indicate that post-COINTELPRO reforms in the agency did not succeed in ending the program's tactics. The Associated Press reported in November 2008 that documents released under the FOIA reportedly show that the FBI tracked the late Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author David Halberstam for more than two decades.
“Counterterrorism” guidelines implemented during the Reagan administration have been described as undercutting these reforms, allowing a return to earlier tactics. Some radical groups accuse factional opponents of being FBI informants or assume the FBI is infiltrating the movement.
Several authors have accused the FBI of continuing to deploy COINTELPRO-like tactics against radical groups after the official COINTELPRO operations were ended. Several authors have suggested the American Indian Movement (AIM) has been a target of such operations.
A few authors go further and allege that the federal government intended to acquire uranium deposits on the Lakota tribe's reservation land, and that this motivated a larger government conspiracy against AIM activists on the Pine Ridge reservation. Others believe COINTELPRO continues and similar actions are being taken against activist groups.
Caroline Woidat argued that with respect to Native Americans, COINTELPRO should be understood within a historical context in which "Native Americans have been viewed and have viewed the world themselves through the lens of conspiracy theory."
Other authors note that while there are conspiracy theories related to COINTELPRO, the issue of ongoing government surveillance and repression is nonetheless real.
Brown, H. Rap, targeted by COINTELPRO
Citizens' Commission to Investigate the FBI
William Mark Felt, also known as Deep Throat served as chief inspector of COINTELPRO field operations
Franklin, H. Bruce, targeted by COINTELPRO
Hampton, Fred, targeted by COINTELPRO
Viola Liuzzo, murdered by a shot from a car used by four Ku Klux Klansmen, one of whom was a COINTELPRO informant
NSA call database
Red squad - Police intelligence/anti-dissident units, later operated under COINTELPRO
Starsky, Morris, early target of COINTELPRO
The COINTELPRO Papers
Sunday, December 20, 2009
Anarchists solidarity protest outside Korydallos prison, the main prison in Athens, at the time of the change of the year. This protest happens every New Year's Eve for the past six years. This year more than 400 people took part in the protest that interacted with the prisoners inside through shouting mutual slogans and fireworks. The main slogan was "The passion for freedom is stronger that your prisons".
A society that punishes/the condition of incarceration/the prison of the mind/the prison as punishment/the rage of the damned will sound on the ruins of prisons/those denying obedience and misery of our era even within its hellholes/will dance together on the ruins of every last prison/with the flame of rebellion avenging whatever creates prisons.
To the prisoners struggle already counting one dead and thousands in hunger strike across greece, we stand in solidarity and anger until the destruction of every last prison.
ARSON AND WILDFIRE FOR EVERY PRISON
SOLIDARITY TO ALL PRISONERS IN GREECE
VIDEO FROM THE COMRADES IN THE SUPERMARKET IN SALONIKI 15/6
IMMEDIATE RELEASE OF ANARCHIST REVOLUTIONARIES
AND TO ANARCHIST KOSTANDINA KARAKATSANI
(accused for being members of Conspiracy of cells of fire)
Solidarity to urban guerillas Kostas Gournas, Nikos Maziotis, Pola Roupa
and to anarchists, Christophoros Kortesis, Sarantos Nikitopoulos, Vaggelis Stathopoulos
that are prosecuted for the "Revolutionary Struggle" case
Comrade salutes to urban guerilla Dimitris Koufodinas
and the unrepentant of the "17th November" group.
Solidarity to the inprisoned anarchists Simos Seisidis, Giannis Dimitrakis,
Michal Pawlak (polish comrade that is inprisoned in koridallos prisons for the events on 6/12/09,
Polikarpos Gewrgiadis, Christos Stratigopoulos, Alfredo Bonnano, Ilias Nikolaou and Aris Seirinidis
HONOUR TO URBAN GUERILLA LAMBROS FOUNDAS
Against the state, prison, capital.